Describe the background and principles of project management

Thus, it is important to understand the social context within which the project operates. Develop a WBS, team-building strategies, negotiation, and conflict management techniques for when issues arise.

Each sprint, the team is responsible for determining how it will accomplish the work to be completed. For example, a WBS is used when the project is scheduled, so that the use of work packages can be recorded and tracked. When managing competing requirements, evaluate how a change in one constraint affects one or both of the remaining two constraints.

This phase includes the coordination of resources to perform the activities outlined in the plan. Late nineteenth century We can travel back even further, to the latter half of the nineteenth century, when the business world was becoming increasingly complex, to see how project management evolved from basic management principles.

Complex network diagrams, called PERT charts and the critical path method were introduced, giving managers more control over massively engineered and very complex projects such as military weapon systems with their huge variety of tasks and numerous interactions at many points in time.

Benchmarking — A benchmark is a point of reference for a measurement which is usually recognized as an industry best practice. Briefly describe the organization and the expected benefits for completing the project successfully.

This baseline is then used as a barometer to measure overall project quality throughout the project's life. Benchmarking is the process of evaluating and comparing project performance against an identified benchmark with the purpose of continuously measuring and improving project efficiency with the goal of improving project performance.

These are depicted in summary as below based on PMI standard: Project management types[ edit ] Project management can apply to any project, but it is often tailored to accommodate the specific needs of different and highly specialized industries. Successful projects are completed on schedule, within budget, and according to previously agreed quality standards.

Ideally the project plan has been approved and base-lined so that the actual work can start. Large-scale government projects were the impetus for making important decisions that became the basis for project management methodology.

A project manager normally reports directly to someone of higher stature on the completion and success of the project.

Project Management

Project Management Defined According to A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, a project is "a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result. These differences become quite evident in the figure provided here.

The development stage would use the defining PD — Project Definition and Planning processes; however implementation stage would use Organizing, Controlling and Closing processes.

The last phase of a project is closure. Project Life Cycle Every project has a life cycle, or a series of milestones and accomplishments that must be met throughout the project.

Project management

Another principle is that organizations operate as open systems in dynamic equilibrium as they constantly adjust and adapt to changes in their environment.

In this unit, you will learn about the project charter and the various frameworks and tools that can be utilized in this phase to create the proper foundation for project success. Conclusion The criticality of the project occurs early in the project, thus it is important that we: You should also be able to discuss what makes a project successful and what risks projects may have during the whole project life cycle.

The Product Owner should be a person with vision, authority, and availability. In this work Fayol presented his theory of management, known as Fayolism.

They remain in contact with the team members through out the task execution and collect reports on performance for actions and change to the existing plans. QA provides the confidence that project quality is in fact being met and has been achieved. The team has autonomy and responsibility to meet the goals of the sprint.

Essential qualities of a Project Manager The project manager should be at the least an effective communicator and team manager. In decades since the s, this approach toward project management began to take root in its modern forms.Introduce project management best practices from the Project Management Institute (PMI®) in the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide).

Introduce project management Initiate and Plan Process Groups framework, terminology, concepts, the tools and techniques to build a project.

The courses in the Introduction to Project Management Principles and Practices Specialization are a recommended precursor to UCI's Applied Project Management Certificate.

Successful projects require careful upfront planning. A project change management plan will be developed in the planning phase of and names the individuals that are responsible and involved in the whole process of recording, managing, assessing and monitoring change requests.

Chapters 4 through 14 describe specific functions and techniques useful in the process of project management. This part presents techniques and requirements during project planning, including risk assessment, cost estimation, forecasting and economic evaluation.

An Introduction to Project Management The purpose of this briefing paper is to introduce key project management terms project management is an interrelated group of processes that enables the project 3 Carly, Lauren.

Project Management Primer. Bureau of Reclamation,p. 2. Questions On Scope Management And Management - The PMBOK® Guide Fifth Edition emphasizes the relationship between all ten knowledge areas of project management to illustrate that the entire planning process is a combination of interrelated activities and.

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Describe the background and principles of project management
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